VERSTAND & GEFÜHL / Landschaft und die zeitgenössische Romantik
Kunstverein Springhornhof, Neuenkirchen, Germany
15. Juni – 18. August 2013
Kuratiert von Rebecca Partridge und Bettina v. Dziembowski
Wohl kaum eine Epoche ist durch so viele Missverständnisse und Widersprüche geprägt wie die „sentimentale“ Romantik und wohl kaum eine Epoche hat unser nordeuropäisches Verhältnis zur Natur und zum Individuum so nachhaltig geprägt. Davon ausgehend setzt die Ausstellung „Verstand & Gefühl“ Motive und Ideenwelten der Romantik in Bezug zu den Arbeiten von elf zeitgenössischen Künstlerinnen und Künstlern.
Charakteristisch für die Romantik des 19. Jhdts. ist die Verlagerung des Interesses vom Verstand zum Gefühl, von der Berechnung zur Intuition, von objektiver Betrachtung zur subjektiven Wahrnehmung. Ein Anliegen der Kunst war der Ausdruck des Individuums, die Vermittlung intensiver Gefühlszustände insbesondere in Beziehung mit einer tiefen metaphysischen Verbundenheit zur Natur.
Die Romantik war jedoch nicht nur paradiesisch und schön, sie umfasste auch das Subversive von Entgrenzungserlebnissen. Künstler wie Delacroix oder Goya stellten in ihren Schreckensszenarien ungezügelte Gefühle dar. Bilder ruinösen Verfalls bei Caspar David Friedrich oder William Turner erinnerten an die Macht der Natur sich die Zivilisation zurückzuerobern.
Vorherrschend jedoch, insbesondere unter den Malern, war die Darstellung unermesslich weiter unzivilisierter Landstriche, deren idealisierte Erhabenenheit die unauflösliche Beziehung des Menschen zur Natur zum Ausdruck brachten. Ehrfurcht einflössend und beängstigend zugleich wird der Betrachter damit konfrontiert, seine eigene Position im Universum zu hinterfragen: Die äussere Landschaft dient als Metapher für eine innere Erfahrung.
In den im Springhornhof gezeigten Arbeiten erweist sich die Romantik als Weltanschauung, die in unterschiedlichsten Strategien der Aneignung aufgenommen, fortgeführt, kritisiert und transformiert wird. Dabei geht es um mehr als um die Wiederbelebung einer Skala von Motiven, die als wehmütige Versatzstücke einer glorreichen Vergangenheit in die zeitgenössische Kunst herübergerettet werden.
Die heutige Romantik ist eine Metaromantik, die nicht nur Schwermut und starke Empfindung zeigt, sondern auch ein Distanzbewusstsein, das sich in ironischen Brechungen äußert. So spielen die beteiligten Künstlerinnen und Künstler nicht nur auf den Topos der romantischen Sehnsucht nach der Natur-Idylle an, sondern auch auf die Umstände dieser Realitätsflucht. Hinter der Sehnsucht nach dem Paradiesischen, Schönen und Märchenhaften ist das Abgründige ebenso präsent wie das Wissen um das Scheitern von Utopien.
Hardly any epoch has been marked by so many misunderstandings and contradictions as the “sentimental” Romantic era, just as hardly any epoch has so shaped our northern European relationship between nature and the indiviual. On this basis the exhibition “Reason and Emotion” explores ideas and motifs derived from Romanticism in relation to the work of eleven contemporary artists.
Characteristic of the Romanticism of the 19th Century is the shift of interest from reason to feeling, computation to intuition, objective observation to subjective perception. One aim of art at this time was the expression of the individual, the mediation of intense emotional states, particularly in relationship with a deep metaphysical connection to nature.
However, the Romantic was not only heavenly and beautiful, it also included the delineation of subversive experiences. Artists such as Delacroix and Goya presented scenarios of unbridled emotions in all their horror. Caspar David Friedrich and William Turner recalled the power of nature to regain civilisation through dark images of ruinous decay.
Predominantly, however, especially among the painters, was the presentation of immeasurably more uncivilised lands, whose idealised grandeur expressed the indissoluble relationship of man to nature. Awe-inspiring and frightening at the same time, the viewer is confronted with the question of his own position in the universe: the outer landscape serves as a metaphor for an inner experience.
In the works shown in Springhornhof the Romantic pervades, however not as a revival of a set of motifs sentimentally salvaged from a glorious past, but incorporated in a variety of strategies of appropriation, continuation, critique and transformation.
Today’s Romanticism is a Meta-Romantic showing not only melancholy and strong sensation, but also a distance, an awareness that manifests itself in ironic reflections. Thus, the participating artists play not only with the notion of romantic longing for nature-idyll, but also with the circumstances of this escapism. Behind the longing for the paradisiacal, the beautiful and fairy-tale, the abyss is just as present as the knowledge of the failure of utopias.
Date: 9 May 2013
Convened to mark the appointment of Tim Etchells as Professor of Performance and Practice at LICA, Words / Worlds is an afternoon symposium focused on approaches to writing in an interdisciplinary context. The event takes its title from a two-part neon work All We Have is Words / All We Have is Worlds by Etchells, which quotes and then repeats with modification, a line from Samuel Beckett.
Beginning with a keynote paper/performance from Etchells, which opens questions relating his to text-work in different media, WORDS / WORLDS proceeds with panels and presentations from visual artists Martin John Callanan and Penny McCarthy, from curator Mathieu Copeland, from the novelist Tony White and from the performance maker and scholar Andrew Quick. WORDS / WORLDS celebrates the possibilities of a cross-disciplinary conversation between and about text-based work and writing. A statement by William Burroughs – that the purpose of writing is to make things happen – provides one point of departure for the discussions, which will see each of the participants touch upon key works and ideas from their practise as they think around texts and inter-texts, texts as interventions in, and transformations of, the world, texts as tests or probes of reality, and text as a tool for fragile and temporary world-building.
Free to attend
Organising departments and research centres: Lancaster Institute for the Contemporary Arts
MONDAY 24 JUNE 2013 – SATURDAY 20 JULY 2013
(Im)material Labour explores our shifting position in an economically functioning society. From the systemisation of post-fordist labour through to the de-materialisation of the service sector, our patterns of working behaviour are constantly being reconfigured.
(Im)material Labour draws together the work of a number of artists who interrogate this phenomenon in light of the current economic climate. Seeking to decode and humanise the financial crisis through analytical ideas and research, the works on display often result in therapeutic and humorous outcomes.
The exhibition includes works by SUPERFLEX, Zachary Formwalt, Ignacio Uriarte, Martin John Callanan, Paul Westcombe and Arnaud Desjardin.
The exhibition will take place both onsite and offsite in a disused office block situated in Colchester Town. Curated by MA Critical Curating students Warren Harper, Matylda Taszycka and alumnus Jonathan Weston.
Saturday 1 June, 1-2pm
Join the exhibition’s curators for a tour of (Im)material Labour at Art Exchange. To reserve your place, please email email@example.com
David Pescovitz writes on Boing Boing: Artist Martin John Callanan and the Advanced Engineered Materials Group at the UK’s National Physical Laboratory used an infinite 3D optical microscope to capture 400 million pixel images of the lowest denomination coin from many currencies. “The Fundamental Units”
Max Rosenberg writes:
Some nations have debated getting rid of their smallest monetary denominations.
Even President Obama came out against the penny earlier this year.
Photographer Martin John Callanan is trying to save these coins for future generations, using images.
and Capital Online
Look after your pennies: Photographer takes microscopic pictures of world’s lowest value coins to save them for future generations
With every battered line, scrape and knock, each coin has been rendered as individual as the many thousands of hands they have passed through.
Now, as governments across the world debate whether to do away with their lowest value coins, one photographer is on a mission to save as many pennies as he can before they are consigned forever to history,
Photographer Martin John Callanan is busy working on a photo project entitled The Fundamental Units – a series of extremely large prints showing the lowest value coins of countries around the world.
He has teamed up with National Physical Laboratory in Teddington, to use ‘Europe’s best microscope’ to show each coin in all its worn charm.
Each coin is photographed with 4,000 individual tiny exposures, and it takes three days of processing to turn the individual photos into a single composite photograph weighing 400 megapixels. Printed out, each photo measures 1.2 and 1.2 meters (~3.9 square feet).
‘In this sense, and in response to the dominance of macroeconomics in the discourse of the media, the artist chooses a microscopic view of the world economy.
‘The Fundamental Units, a series that begins with the works produced by Horrach Moyà Gallery for this exhibition, is an exploration of the lowest denomination coins from the world’s currencies using an infinite focus 3D optical microscope at the National Physical Laboratory in Teddington.’
‘The images obtained with the microscope have been combined to form an extremely detailed large scale reproduction of the least valuable coins from Australia, Chile, the Euro, Myanmar and the Kingdom of Swaziland.
‘In these images the humble metal acquires a planetary dimension and is displayed as the atoms that shape the global economy.’
There are many precedents for scrapping small coins.
In America, the half-cent was abolished in 1857, and in 1984 the UK’s halfpenny was withdrawn.
New Zealand and Australia abandoned the one-cent and two-cent coin in the 1990s.
Campaigners in the US and UK also want the penny and cent coins to be consigned to history, because nothing can be bought with a one-cent or one-penny coin.
Reposted on Numismatica
Rain Noe at Core77 writes:
What does that look like to you? The cave drawings at Lascaux, maybe?
How about this one? A shield from an ancient civilization?
Nope, these are the lowest of the world’s low-value coins, those forgotten bits of metal that keep lint company in our pockets or fill forgotten jars. Perhaps sensing that cents are on the way out, Martin John Callanan—self-described as “an artist researching an individual’s place within systems”—is photographically preserving them for posterity with his The Fundamental Units project.
The kicker is that a regular camera wouldn’t do, not for what Callanan had in mind; so he teamed up with the UK’s National Physical Laboratory, which is that country’s national measurement standards lab, to use their infinite focus 3D optical microscope. Callanan then captured some 4,000 exposures of each freaking coin, resulting in a series of 400 megapixel images that, blown up and hanging on a gallery wall, reveal details you’d never spot on the real deal. Every nick, scratch, dent, ding and discoloration are laid bare.
So far he’s captured cents, pesos and pence from Australia, Bulgaria, Chile, Croatia, Denmark, Iceland, Latvia, Lituania, Myanmar, Poland, Romania, Swaziland, Sweden, and the United Kingdom, not to mention the Euro; but by the project’s end, Callanan plans to have captured “the lowest denomination coin from each of the world’s 166 active currencies.”
Did you know that it costs the US Mint 2 cents to produce every 1 cent coin due to the cost of materials and production? Countries such as Canada have already done away with their lowest denomination coins due to their costs and lack of usefulness.
As these “worthless” coins cause debates in their governments about whether or not they should be abolished, photographer Martin John Callanan is on a mission to save them… not as a currency, but rather in photographs.
Article made it to the top of Digg.com
and the Baltic News Network
and Botanwang in China
and CNBCE in Turkey
and Wander Lust Mind
An aseptic space. One white table and on it a printed directory, accompanied by an apparently normal looking telephone. It would seem the right environment to make a call. And calls are, in fact, made. The phone operates automatically, dialling random numbers from the many listed in the phone book . The diffused audio allows visitors to listen to the classic dialling sounds, followed by a precise dead tone or a message saying, in varying languages, ‘the number you dialled does not exist’. The process repeats itself tirelessly; another number, another country, another language. A loop of sounds and dead time; a form of a dance, a ritual. A monologue or perhaps a soliloquy. No matter which of the many available numbers are dialled, it is certain that no calls will ever be answered because the list of numbers is officially exposed as The International Directory of Fictitious Telephone Numbers – an extensive list of numbers certified as non-existent and neatly divided into geographic areas of the world. The compilation of this phone book includes official requests from telecommunication regulators in different countries. The artwork, resulting from research by the British artist John Martin Callanan and presented first in Spain and then at the Whitechapel Gallery in London, is indefinitely offered as a resource for use in drama or film productions so that unsuspecting people aren’t disturbed by inquisitive viewers. Art in defence of privacy?
Your chance to get hold of issue #3 of Text Trends newspaper.
The Open Data Institute (ODI) and MzTEK invite you to the Data as Culture Open Day.
The Data as Culture collection is set in the offices of the ODI, and aims to bring tangible interventions into the
mass accretion of data around us. This is an opportunity to see the artworks in the collection and speak to the curators and some of the artists.
Informal presentations from 2.30pm – 4pm, refreshments provided.
Find out more about the artists and the collection visit: theodi.org/culture/collection
Data as Culture: Open Day
16 March 2013, 12pm – 6pm.
Open Data Institute, 3rd Floor, 65 Clifton Street, London, EC2A 4JE
23 February – 27 April 2013
Opening 7pm, 22 February 2013
Or Gallery is pleased to present Along Some Sympathetic Lines, an exhibition of artwork by London-based artist Martin John Callanan, and an archive project by curator Liz Bruchet. The exhibition considers the poetic possibilities of data and its documentation, and the tenuous process of making meaning.
Martin John Callanan is an artist researching an individual’s place within systems. Callanan generates and reworks photographs, letters and electronic data into evidence of exchanges – between the individual, the institution and the networks of power that intertwine them. The exhibition presents four of the artist’s series: The Fundamental Units, the result of amassing millions of pixels of data, to photographs, in microscopic detail far beyond the capacity of the human eye, the lowest monetary unit of each of the 166 active currencies of world, only to enlarge and print them to vast scale; Wars During My Lifetime, an evolving newspaper listing of every war fought during the course of the artist’s life; Grounds, an ongoing photographic archive which charts ‘important places’ in the world where security restrictions limit the image to the carpeted, tiled or concrete floors; and Letters 2004-2006, Callanan’s correspondence with various heads of states and religious leaders which implicate them in conversations that question their very rationale of their authority. These acts of excavating, accumulating and visualising data draw out the sympathetic aspects within documentation and in so doing, mark and disrupt the underlying power dynamics.
A second gallery features an archive project by London-based curator Liz Bruchet. The display of ephemera from the personal archive of the curator’s grandfather, a Canadian insurance salesman and aspiring radio presenter, takes its inspiration from a found audio recording – part monologue, part autobiography, and part radio show – made in 1974. Harnessing the impulses of the collector, archivist and biographer, the curator reasserts her role as custodian and caretaker to nurture narratives and give weight to the subjective remnants of one man’s life.
This exhibition is curated by Liz Bruchet.
The exhibition is possible with the generous support of Or Gallery, the National Physical Laboratory, and UCL European Institute.
With thanks to Galeria Horrach Moya, (Hiper)vincles, Whitechapel Gallery, Book Works, David Karl, and Pau Waelder.
art.es international_contemporary_art announces the publication of its issue #53, with the following contents:
• art.es Project #44: Marina Núñez, Necrosis. (2013), digital image.
Cover and 22 inside pages. As always, an exclusive for the magazine (the originals belong to the art.es Collection).
Introductory text: Susana Cendán: Marina Núñez: “Everything has to do with the monsters”.
– China’s Long March (4/10) (Zhang Fang).
– Meschac Gaba: Trying to change African society (Abdellah Karroum).
– A quantum reflection of Bakalhau (Cod Fish) (Fernando Galán).
• Media Art:
– Martin John Callanan: On Systems and Processes (Pau Waelder).
– Rafa Macarrón: “the solitude of man before the universe inmensity” (Fernando Galán).
– Lipsett: a personal dilemma (Jorge D. González).
– Marco Ayres (Portugal)
– Simón Vega (El Salvador)
– Luis Gordillo (Spain)
– Pipo Hernández (Spain)
– Natxo Frisuelos (Spain)
– The sublimation of detail: José Ferrero (Madrid) (Terry Berne).
– Bunga: beyond space: Carlos Bunga (Santa Mónica, California, USA) (Béatrice Chassepot).
– The descent into Marina Núñez’s hells (Valladolid, España) (Alfonso León).
– Reinterpreting art’s recent history: Roger Gustafsson (Madrid) (Fernando Galán).
– If you like small things: group show (A Coruña, España) (Nilo Casares).
– Critical museology (2/2): On the limits of institutional art criticism (and critical museology as established discourse (Jesús Pedro Lorente)
• What’s going on in… Toronto? (John K. Grande).
– “La Movida”, counterculture and normalization (La Movida, au nom du Père, des fils et du Todo Vale) (Juan Albarrán).
art.es is a 100 % bilingual magazine (English/Spanish) with contributions from the world over, and aimed at the entire world of genuinely contemporary art.
art.es focuses on established art as well as the latest creative iniciatives emerging from every corner of the planet. It informs and reflects on topics of interest, but with a fresh language and crisp design which are comprehensible to both specialists and amateurs. It has over 90 specialized collaborators and correspondents covering each and every geographical and thematic area of the contemporary art world.
13. Februar – 20. März
Eröffnung: Mittwoch, 13. Februar, 19 Uhr
February 13 – March 20
Opening reception: Wednesday, February 13, 7 pm
Eine Editionsbox mit 22 Künstlern / a box of Editions by 22 artists
Invited by: ist eine neue Editionsreihe von Provinz, zuerst veröffentlicht im Februar 2013. Invited by: versammelt eine große Zahl an zeitgenössischen Künstlern, die je einen Beitrag zu einer Editionsbox leisten. Die Beiträger werden je von einem kooperierenden Künstler eingeladen, der invited by: jeweils kuratiert.
Die Box, bei dieser Premiere im Format A4 und mit Beiträgen von 23 internationalen Künstlern, enthält Zeichnungen, Collagen, Kopien, Heftchen, Multiples, CDs, DVDs, verschiedene Drucktechniken etc. Die Box funktioniert als “Magazin in der Schachtel”, bietet aber ungeachtet des niedrigen Preises autonome und repräsentative Kunstwerke der teilnehmenden Künstler. Auflage: 100.
Invited by: is a new edition first released in February 2013. Invited by: gathered a large number of contemporary artists who each contribute to a Editionsbox. The contributors are ever invited by a co-artist invited by: each curator.
The box, in this premiere and A4, with contributions from 23 international artists, drawings, collages, prints, booklets, multiple, CDs, DVDs, various printing techniques, etc. The box contains functions as a “magazine in the box”, but despite offers the low price autonomous and representative works of the participating artists. Edition:100
Künstler / Artists: Lutz BRAUN (D), Hanna BRANDES (D), Martin John CALLANAN (UK), Sunah CHOI (KOR/D), Raphael DANKE (D), Agathe FLEURY (F/D), Nina HOFFMANN (YU/D), Adrian HERMANIDES (ZW/D), Hella GERLACH (D), Simone GILGES (D), Atalya LAUFER (IL/D), Daniel LAUFER (D), Kalin LINDENA (D), Alexandra MÜLLER (D), Toony NAVOK (IL), Martin NEUMAIER (D), Thomas RENTMEISTER (D), Annette RUENZLER (D), Roman SCHRAMM (D), Gerda SCHEEPERS (ZA/D), Hanna SCHWARZ (D), Viola YEŞILTAÇ (D/USA)
Invited by ist eine neue Editionsreihe von Provinz, zuerst veröffentlicht im Februar 2013. Invited by versammelt eine große Zahl an zeitgenössischen Künstlern, die je einen Beitrag zu einer Editionsbox leisten. Die Beiträger werden je von einem kooperierenden Künstler eingeladen, der invited by jeweils kuratiert.Die Box, bei dieser Premiere im Format A4 und mit Beiträgen von 22 internationalen Künstlern, enthält Zeichnungen, Collagen, Kopien, Heftchen, Multiples, eine DVD, verschiedene Drucktechniken etc. Die Box funktioniert als “Magazin in der Schachtel”, bietet aber ungeachtet des niedrigen Preises autonome und repräsentative Kunstwerke der teilnehmenden Künstler. Auflage: 100.
Invited by is the first in a new series of editions made by Provinz, first released in February 2013. Invited by brings together a greater group of artists, who all contribute to a box of editions. With every round of invited by, the contributors are selected and invited by a cooperating artist, who curates the actual box.
The premiere box is of A4-format (roughly 21 x 31 cm) and contains contributions by 22 international artists. It comprises drawings, collages, copies, booklets, a DVD along with different printing techniques. The publication is conceived as a “magazine in a box”, yet it contains autonomous and representative artworks of the contributing artists at a notably low price. Edition: 100.
Over the past twenty years, global climate change has emerged as the overarching narrative of our age, uniting a series of ongoing concerns about human relations with nature, the responsibilities of first world nations to those of the developing world, and the obligations of present to future generations. But if the climate change story entered the public realm as a data-driven scientific concept, it was quickly transformed into something that the ecologist William Cronon has called a ‘secular prophecy’, a grand narrative freighted with powerful, even transcendent languages and values. And though climate science can sometimes adopt the rhetoric of extreme quantification, it also — as has been seen throughout this book — relies on the qualitative values of words, images and metaphors. This can even happen simultaneously: during the discussions that led up to the IPCC’s Third Assessment Report of 2001, for example, a room full of scientists discussed for an entire week whether or not to include the three-word phrase ‘discernable human influence.’ Only three words, perhaps, but three extremely potent words (both qualitatively and quantitavely speaking), that between them tell a vast and potentially world-altering story.
Martin John Callanan’s ongoing Text Tends series offers a deadpan encounter with exactly this kind of quantification of language. Using Google data the series explores the vast mine of information that is generated by the search engine’s users, each animation taking the content generated by search queries and reducing the process to its essential elements: search terms vs. frequency of search over time, presented in the form of a line graph.
In the online manifestation of the Text Trends animations the viewer watches as the animations plot the ebb and flow of a series of paired search terms keyed into Google over the last ten years by Internet users around the world. In the case of the environment sequence featured here, pairs of words such as: ‘nature’ — ‘population’; ‘climate’ — ‘risk’; ‘consensus’ — ‘uncertainty’; ‘Keeling curve’ — ‘hockey stick’, spool out matter-of-factly, like a live market index, allowing the implied narrative content of these word comparisons (along with their accumulated cultural and emotional baggage) to play themselves out before us. In contrast to the hyperinteractivity of emerging news aggregators and information readers, Text Trends explores our perceptions of words presented as connotation-rich fragments of continually updated time-sensitive data.
As an investigation into both the generation and representation of data, Text Trends offers a visual critique of the spectacularization of information, a cultural tic that continues to generate the endless roll of statistically compromised wallpaper that surrounds so much public science debate, and which our book — Data Soliloquies — has in large part been about.
How did this collaboration with National Physical Laboratory come about for your project The Fundamental Units?
For six months I was having tests run all around the UK on different types of microscopes such as scanning electron microscopes, at different institutions, universities and testing laboratories. The Curator of Modern Money at the British Museum suggested an idea which eventually lead me to the National Physical Laboratory.
I ended up at the Advanced Engineered Materials Group which is part of the National Physical Laboratory, using an Alicona infinite focus 3D optical microscope.
They were really into experimenting and pushing the equipment. It took about a month of tests to get the results we see. The process involved Petra the scientist in charge of the machine writing programs to capture the data as a whole, as the machine is designed for looking in detail at one tiny part of an object. We crashed it several times working out the right solution. Each coin, which are generally around 18-20mm in diameter, take a whole night to capture. Then computers run for three days assembling the data into extremely high resolution photographic images. We are talking files too big for normal image editing software such as Adobe Photoshop. Each photographic print is from files with around 400 million pixels.
What did some of the earlier tests look like?
Many microscopes are not optical, they don’t use light, and therefore produce results that are removed from what we generally expect to see. A scanning electron microscope, for example (attached), produces images in greyscale and the electric charge greatly emphasises dust and dirt. Clean images could be obtained though sonic cleaning and plating the coins in gold, but this started to become very removed from examining these low value tokens of exchange.
Could you explain the choice to scan these particular coins? How did you get a hold of them?
There are currently 166 active currencies using coins. Using online market places and by contacting national banks I have found the lowest donimation coin for each of these currencies. At the moment, at the beginning, we have imaged one from each continent. All 166 will be imaged.
What are you working on currently?
Well, the UCL European Institute have just (five minuets ago) awarded the research project funding to image the currencies of: Bulgaria, Croatia, Denmark, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Romania Sweden, and the UK.
Martin John Callanan of the Slade School of Fine Art at University College London contacted the National Physical Laboratory (NPL) as he wanted to put together an exhibition featuring large images of the lowest denomination coins from around the world.
Petra Mildeova from NPL’s Advanced Engineered Materials Group demonstrated that full colour images could be taken using an infinite focus 3D optical microscope. Five coins were imaged (containing over 400 megapixels), allowing coins of less than 20 mm diameter to be printed as 1.2 m diameter images.
Martin John Callanan described the images as “really stunning” and is exhibiting them at the Galleria Horrach Moyà in Mallorca, Spain, in an exhibition entitled ‘The Fundamental Units‘ (referring to the smallest denomination of coins on display and not as a result of working with NPL, the home of fundamental constants in the UK). He now hopes to enhance his exhibition by imaging a further 161 coins, one from each of the other countries around the world that use them.
The images have attracted interest from the British Museum and were featured by New Scientist as their image of the day on 4 December 2012.
The mapping of large areas at very high resolution is becoming a more regular requirement. In fact, the capabilities of the microscope used to produce the images of the coins were barely stretched, as they were only in 2D. Using the Alicona Infinite Focus optical microscope NPL is able to acquire 3D datasets from large areas, which can be used to study worn surfaces on a gear, drill bit or metal punch and hence produce a detailed measurement of the volume of material lost by wear of the component. Such quantified volume measurements can then be used to determine the best material or operating practice for a given material grade.
The euro has taken a bit of a battering of late – and not just in the financial markets. As you can see for yourself above, the surface of a 1-cent coin, while smooth to the naked eye, is pitted and scarred when viewed through a powerful microscope.
To create this image, artist Martin John Callanan, a fellow at University College London based in the Slade Centre for Electronic Media in Fine Art, worked with Ken Mingard, Petra Mildeova and Eric Bennett at the UK’s National Physical Laboratory in London. The team used an optical microscope to create images of the lowest-denomination coins used in Australia, Burma, Swaziland and Chile, as well as the transnational euro. They took standard coins that had been in circulation and left the microscope to make 4000 tiny exposures overnight. It then took three days of processing to stitch these images together to create each final, 400-million-pixel version. The zoomable picture above is a low-resolution version.
The coin images are part of an ongoing series called The Fundamental Units in which Callanan explores “the atoms that shape the global economy”. Ultimately, the series will encompass all 166 of the world’s active currencies that use coins. The first five are on display as 1.2-by-1.2-metre prints, along with more of Callanan’s works, at the Galleria Horrach Moyà in Mallorca, Spain, until 17 January 2013.
Physics & Math, Picture of the Day, Science In Society
On May 16, 2008, Martin John Callanan changed his name to Martin John Callanan, by Deed Poll, sworn and sealed at the City of London Magistrate’s Court. On July 5, 2012, Martin John Callanan assumed the name of Martin John Callanan by Deed Poll, sworn and sealed by a Comissioner for Oath, and enrolled in the Supreme Court of Judicature. Through this action, at once absurd and totally in keeping with the laws of the United Kingdom, the artist Martin John Callanan (formerly Martin John Callanan) turns an administrative process into a reflexion on his own identity and the systems that validate the laws and institutions that govern our society.
We live in a multitude of systems: natural systems that affect our environment, social systems that define the possible actions in the framework of an established community, computer systems that enable and control the transmission and storage of data with which we create our memory and the image of our world. They shape our everyday reality, but we tend to ignore their existence or assume it as an indisputable fact: as the clouds floating overhead, these systems respond to a logic that is largely out of reach of the average citizen.
Through methodical and precise processes, Martin John Callanan explores the notion of citizenship in a globally connected world. The relationship between the individual and the systems that surround and affect our lives take shape in a series of works in which both the structures and the fragility of these systems are shown, sometimes by resorting to the absurd and the excess of information. The atworks in this exhibition at Horrach Moyà Gallery venture into the dynamics of natural, economic, administrative and mass media systems by means of an observation both on the cosmic and the microscopic level.
Inspired by the forms of scientific data visualization, the artist made in A Planetary Order (Terrestrial Cloud Globe) a globe that only shows the position of the clouds during a second in February 2, 2009. This ephemeral map, made from hundreds of photographs from NASA satellites, is embodied in a sculpture created with a 3D printer and shown as an unattended object, an ignored finding, a fragile piece containing an unusual vision of our environment .
The economic system, which has raised to such notorious prominence in recent years because of its obvious impact on our lives, is a complex structure whose functioning is increasingly necessary to understand and, as much as possible, to predict or even control. In this sense, and in response to the dominance of macroeconomics in the discourse of the media, the artist chooses a microscopic view of the world economy. The Fundamental Units, a series that begins with the works produced by Horrach Moyà Gallery for this exhibition, is an exploration of the lowest denomination coins from the world’s currencies using an infinite focus 3D optical microscope at the National Physical Laboratory in Teddington (UK). The images obtained with the microscope have been combined to form an extremely detailed large scale reproduction of the least valuable coins from Australia, Chile, the Euro, Myanmar and the Kingdom of Swaziland. In these images the humble metal acquires a planetary dimension and is displayed as the atoms that shape the global economy.
The reality shown by the media consists in turn of its own units, the news covering the front pages of newspapers and circulated by television and radio, websites, blogs and social networks. The speed and density of the information flow that is generated in every corner of the planet and invades all communication channels exposes us to a saturation that paradoxically makes data illegible. I Wanted to See All of the News From Today deals with this excess of information by means of a web site that automatically collects the front pages of hundreds of newspapers around the world and displays them in a grid. From these data, the artist has produced a series of prints in which the pages of newspapers form a totemic picture of everyday life in the information society.
Martin John Callanan completes this exhibition with Deed Poll, which is both the action taken in the process of change (or recovery) of his name on July 5, 2012 and the legal documents, canceled passport, letters and responses, official notice in the newspaper and other items related to this administrative procedure. Callanan thus adds to his analysis of the systems that determine the conditions of life in the societies and the planet we inhabit an action on a personal level, as an individual and citizen that participates (voluntarily and involuntarily) in the dynamics generated by these systems.
Pau Waelder, Curator
Reviews in El Mundo, Diario de Mallorca and Ultima Hora: PDF (Spanish)